author        = {J{\"o}rn- Marc Schmidt and Michael Hutter},
  title         = {Optical and EM Fault-Attacks on CRT-based RSA: Concrete Results},
  booktitle     = {Austrian Workshop on Microelectronics -- Austrochip 2007, Graz, Austria, October 11},
  year          = {2007},
  month         = {October},
  editor        = {Karl Christian Posch and Johannes Wolkerstorfer},
  pages         = {61--67},
  publisher     = {Verlag der Technischen Universit{\"a}t Graz},
  note          = {ISBN 978-3-902465-87-0},
  abstract      = {RSA is a well-known algorithm that is used in various cryptographic systems like smart cards and e-commerce applications. This article presents practical attacks on implementations of RSA that use the Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT). The attacks have been performed by inducing faults into a cryptographic device through optical and electromagnetic injections. We show optical attacks using fibre-optic light guides. Furthermore, we present a new non-invasive electromagnetic fault-attack using high-frequency spark gaps. All attacks have been performed using low-cost equipment.}